It’s important for a bowhunter to have good arrows in order to be effective. Momentum and speed are both critical to get results that you want from an arrow. These could be affected by your arrows fletching. Your fletching is your vanes or feathers on the arrow you use and how you arrange it. To know more about it read on:
Types of Arrow Fletching
Arrow fletchings are characterized by varieties. There are a lot of fletchings that come in different materials, shapes, and sizes. You can choose the right fletchings depending on what you need. There are also other factors such as the type of broadhead and the shooting distance. The most common materials available are the plastic and feather vanes. In order to fletch an arrow, three or more feathers or vanes are used. The standard type comes with 3 vanes or feathers. Two of those are referred to as the “hen” which create a flat path against the riser and the 3rd is the “cock” which points away from the riser, it usually is a different color from the rest. When this is done right, the fletching could preserve the speed, maintain momentum, and improve the accuracy which gives your arrow better impact power after shooting.
Traditionally, fletchings of an arrow are really made of feathers. Large game birds such as turkeys, are the suitable feathers used for fletchings.
Feathers are known to be a lot lighter and flexible compared to the vanes, it gives a significant boost to the speed of the arrow. Feathers are also known to create more spin and dragging into the arrow and because of their flexibility, they give better steering capability. When you release an arrow, the feathers would fold into the air and around the parts of the arrow. But feathers are also more prone into tearing and breaking over time compared to the vnes. When the weather is rainy, the feathers could get soaked fast and become clogged.
Vanes have a wider selection of shapes and sizes compared to feathers. The size of a vane creates both advantages and even disadvantages. When you use a cane in a place where there is a wider area, it becomes slow and heavier after you release the arrow. But it’s also good at correcting a bad form’s flight path. High performance vanes have greater stability but the lower profiles cuts down on wind drag when you shoot the arrow. When you use a vane with a rest that’s elevated, it offers a much greater arrow clearance compared to the ones from feathers.
Fletching an arrow
When you fletch an arrow, all you need is glue, a pencil so you could mark which area the fletching would be in, a fletching jig, and feathers that you would be attaching. All you have to do is clean the shaft and materials you would be using. Then you simply clamp the feather or vanes you would be using, apply glue to it, and once it’s dried you could rotate the arrow 120 degrees in the jig more than two times and repeat doing the process.
Deciding whether to choose vanes or feathers is all up to you and your personal preference. These are basic things that you should know in order to be able to make an information backed decision. Feathers and vanes both have their own share of pros and cons and are better to be used in different areas. We hope this has helped you understand it more.